100 Infected, 18 Dead; Listeria Outbreak Continues

Luke 21:10 “Then He told them: “Nation will be raised up against nation, and kingdom against kingdom. 11There will be violent earthquakes, and famines and plagues in various places, and there will be terrifying sights and great signs from heaven.”

The Fourth Seal
7 “When He opened the fourth seal, I heard the voice of the fourth living creature say, “Come!” 8 “And I looked, and there was a pale green horse. The horseman on it was named Death, and Hades was following after him. Authority was given to them over a fourth of the earth, to kill by the sword, by famine, by plague, and by the wild animals of the earth.”

The outbreak of listeriosis linked to whole Rocky Ford-brand cantaloupes from Colorado’s Jensen Farms is now more than six times larger than it was when the first public warnings about contaminated melons were issued just three weeks ago.

In its eighth update on the rapidly expanding outbreak, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in Atlanta said 100 people from 20 states have been confirmed infected with one or more of the four outbreak associated strains of Listeria monocytogenes.
Eighteen deaths are now attributed to the outbreak.

Two more deaths in Colorado and one in Kansas were the additional fatalities since CDC’s last update on Sept. 29, when 15 deaths were reported. Arkansas reported its first case linked to the outbreak.

The listeriosis outbreak is responsible for five deaths each in Colorado and New Mexico and two each in Kansas and Texas. States with one death each are Maryland, Missouri, Nebraska and Oklahoma.

More Listeria-connected deaths are likely and may well have already occurred. CDC’s update is good through 11 a.m. Oct. 3. Media reports say there have been other deaths that are not yet included in the CDC totals.

For example,  Louisiana’s Department of Health and Hospitals is investigating the death of an 87-year-old Baton Rouge woman whose death was caused by a Listeria infection to see if it is connected to the outbreak strains. A similar death is under investigation in Wyoming.

While the outbreak may not have yet reached its zenith, CDC’s profiling of the victims is telling a story. Listeria poises the greatest threat to the elderly, pregnant women and those with compromised immune systems.

CDC’s data shows that illnesses began on or after July 31 and involved people from 35 to 96 years old, with a median age of 79.  Most are over age 60. For the 93 people that CDC has information on, 98 percent have required hospitalization.

Forty-nine percent of the victims are women, including two who are pregnant.  Listeria can cause miscarriage or stillbirths in pregnant women. CDC says “the outcome of each pregnancy is being monitored.”

According to the nation’s top disease agency, individuals who were infected since Sept. 7 are probably not yet included in the data because of the time it takes between someone becoming ill and when the illness is reported.

Cantaloupes are clearly at the center of the outbreak. CDC says of 77 ill persons the agency has sufficient information about, 71 — 92 percent — reported eating cantaloupe in the month before they were infected.
“Several ill persons remembered the type of cantaloupe they had eaten and said they were Rocky Ford cantaloupes, which are grown in the Rocky Ford region of southeastern Colorado.” CDC reported.

This is the first time that cantaloupes have been the source of a Listeria outbreak.  CDC says it rare that any produce is a Listeria carrier.  Usually Listeria outbreaks are caused by deli meats, hot dogs and Mexican-style soft cheeses.

But, produce has some history with Listeria contamination. Sprouts spred Listeria in a 2009 outbreak and celery did so in 2010.

“It’s the very first time we’ve seen listeria contamination in whole cantaloupes,”  Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Commissioner Margaret Hamburg said Tuesday.  “And we’re continuing to work on the root cause analysis to determine how this happened .. .and to find ways to prevent this from happening in the future.  We also intend to take the lessons learned from that outbreak and share them with our partners in industry to reduce the likelihood of future incidents.” – Food Safety News
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