Scientists find giant reservoir of magma under eastern horn of Africa

On September 19, 2011 this ministry shared the following: A great divide in the earth’s crust will soon open and remain so. It will be so large and deep that scientist will flock to the area to study it.

The earth’s interior is going to begin a cycle of upward bursts of molten rock, and many of the fissures are just beneath metropolitan areas. Stay away from those fissures are you might get cooked.

(NewsCore) – A giant underground reservoir of molten rock has been discovered under the deserts of Ethiopia by British geologists, The (London) Sunday Times reported.

They targeted the Afar region in the Horn of Africa after a recent surge in volcanic activity and earthquakes plus the appearance of giant cracks in the rocky surface. Tectonic plates in the area are pulling apart and gradually creating a new ocean.

Now, the scientists have mapped the colossal underground lake of magma that lies up to 20 miles (32km) below the earth’s surface.

“We estimate that there is 3,000 cubic kilometers of molten rock under Afar — enough to cover all of London … with around a kilometer of rock,” said Kathy Whaler, professor of geophysics at Edinburgh University.

The reservoir is under such pressure that it has forced tongues of molten rock up towards the surface, producing eruptions and earthquakes.

In 2005, a 25-foot (7.6m) wide tongue of lava spread 40 miles (64km) under Afar in 10 days and solidified, and many more followed.

Afar lies in east Africa’s Great Rift Valley at a point where three tectonic plates are pulling apart from each other. Such movement creates gaps, or rifts, in the Earth’s crust, which allows molten rock to well up from deep below.

There are thousands of miles of these rifts around the world but almost all lie deep below the ocean. East Africa and Iceland are the only places where they emerge on to land.

Much of Afar is already below sea level but is protected from flooding by a barrier of low hills in Eritrea. Geologists believe the protective barrier will be overcome in about one million years, allowing the Red Sea to inundate the whole area.

Whaler, who presented her preliminary results to the UK’s Royal Society last week, said, “Over geological time parts of southern Ethiopia and Somalia will split off and form a new island that moves out into the Indian Ocean.” –Fox News

A Related Story reports:

Earthquake / Eruption summary : During the late afternoon and evening of June 12 2011, a series of moderate earthquakes struck the Afambo, Eritrea area. The moderate earthquakes were followed by 2 strong 5.7 earthquakes. Based on the earthquake pattern and the locations of the epicenter, volcano activity seemed imminent.

Our very extensive report is also the work of many of our readers who gave a lot of input. This proves that together, we can beat a lot of information services, especially in developing countries.

This is part 3 of the Nabro volcano eruption reporting. Nabro is an Eritrean volcano with NO historic eruption record. Day 6 and later were used to follow the eruption pattern (by NASA satellite images) and to continue pressuring both Eritrean and Ethiopian governments to report on the implications (damage and casualties). On Wednesday we were able to republish a portion of the TV news bulletin from Eri.TV, the Eritrean National TV station (others are not allowed). Only after 10 days became clear that 7 people were killed in Eritrea alone. After 10 days NO news yet out of Ethiopia.- Earthquake Report

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